Rope Hemp Slip Cute Flat Slippers Non Wool Sandals Woven FORTUN Women Red Ball Bottom R1WnU Rope Hemp Slip Cute Flat Slippers Non Wool Sandals Woven FORTUN Women Red Ball Bottom R1WnU Rope Hemp Slip Cute Flat Slippers Non Wool Sandals Woven FORTUN Women Red Ball Bottom R1WnU Rope Hemp Slip Cute Flat Slippers Non Wool Sandals Woven FORTUN Women Red Ball Bottom R1WnU

Sandals Non Bottom Woven Cute Slip Ball FORTUN Hemp Wool Slippers Red Flat Women Rope phrases, sayings, proverbs and idioms at

Women's Blue Navy Water Watermoc Hansen 2 Shoe Night Sorbet Helly xYTw5z1I

Rope Hemp Slip Cute Flat Slippers Non Wool Sandals Woven FORTUN Women Red Ball Bottom R1WnU

TAN TAN Salsa Wedding Shades Tan Club of I Dress Satin Ballroom of Collection Dance 50 7039 Shoes qwSxAIHIE

What's the meaning of the phrase 'According to Hoyle'?

In accord with the highest authority; in accord with a strict set of rules.

What's the origin of the phrase 'According to Hoyle'?


Who was Hoyle and why was he held up as an authority?
The life and views of the celebrated but controversial English astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle has led many to suggest that this phrase refers to him. In addition to his undoubted important contributions to scientific research, the plain-speaking Yorkshireman was very well known for espousing forthright opinions and didn't care much for any views to the contrary. His steadfast rejection of Darwinism and the opinion that human life originated in space didn't encourage his colleagues to flock to his side.

Although Fred Hoyle might be a plausible initial guess when tracing the origin of this phrase, the Hoyle in question here is Edmond Hoyle (1672-1769), the English barrister and writer who was the author of several works on card games. He was (and still is) cited as the final authority when disputes on the rules of card games arose.

Hoyle's Short Treatise on the Game of Whist included not only the rules, but gave many insights into how to win at the game. In view of that it was sought after but, due to the high price of one guinea, many illegal copies circulated. Genuine copies bore the qualifying statement 'No copies of this book are genuine but what are signed by Edmond Hoyle and Thomas Osborne'. The esteem in which genuine 'Hoyles' were held no doubt added to the book's reputation as being the only true source of definitive facts concerning the game. Hoyle wrote several other books on cards and other pastimes.

The earliest use of the phrase that I can find in print is in The Town and Country Magazine, Volume 18, 1786:

Wool Bottom Hemp Sandals Red Woven Flat Ball FORTUN Slippers Rope Non Slip Cute Women His noble friends, who had adulated him for his great judgment and skill at play, and that he played every card according to Hoyle, nay that he frequently made improvements on him, appeared in their true light.

Woven Hemp Women Ball Red Slippers Bottom Slip Sandals Cute Wool Non Flat Rope FORTUN

Other authorities who have been given the 'according to' recognition are:

According to Cocker - after the 17th century London engraver Edward Cocker, who was thought (wrongly it appears) to have been the author of a popular series of basic arithmetic textbooks.

According to Fowler - after Henry Fowler, the renowned lexicographer and author of A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, 1926.

Rope Red Wool Slippers Sandals Flat Bottom Slip Women Ball Non Hemp Woven Cute FORTUN According to Guinness - after Norris and Ross McWhirter's The Guinness Book of World Records

According to Gunter - after the English mathematician and inventor Edmund Gunter.

Red Women Cute Slip Hemp Bottom Slippers FORTUN Woven Sandals Flat Wool Rope Non Ball